IWRN By-Laws
There is no translation available, please select a different language. Español  English 

By-Laws of the Inter-American Water Resources Network

As amended on 07 May of 2010



Article I – Organization Name and Location


1.1.             This organization shall be known as the Inter-American Water Resources Network, also known as IWRN by its acronym in English, and RIRH by its acronym in Spanish, Portuguese, and French.


1.2.             The principal offices and headquarters of the IWRN shall be located in the place determined by the IWRN Board of Directors.



Article II – Vision, Mission, Goals, and Values


2.1.             Vision of IWRN:


Water resources in the Americas are well managed in an integrated, collaborative, and sustainable manner.


2.2.             Mission of IWRN:


To enhance sustainable integrated water resources policies and management in the Americas by providing an inclusive and collaborative environment among individuals, organizations, and governments.


2.3.             Goals of IWRN:


  • To support the advancement of the state of affairs of water policy in the Americas;
  • To serve as a catalyst for the implementation of water resources-related agreements and their goals approved at summits and international venues;
  • To achieve active involvement of IWRN members in every country of the Americas;
  • To become an important and accessible provider of water resources information.


2.4.             Values of IWRN:


The core values that guide IWRN activities and relationships with other entities are:


  • Collaborative approach;
  • Pursuit of excellence;
  • Ethical behavior;
  • Respect for diversity;
  • Openness to all perspectives;
  • Equity -internally and on its relation with other entities- ;
  • Knowledge sharing to promote sustainability;
  • Results oriented;
  • Inclusiveness of all stakeholders; and
  • Transparency of decision making.



Article III – Nature of the Organization


3.1.             The IWRN is a not-for-profit membership organization composed of individuals, organizations (public and private), and governments.


3.2.             Membership is open and without regard to age, color, creed, disability, gender, nationality, race, sexual orientation, or political affiliations.



Article IV – Membership


4.1              The IWRN membership is composed of individuals, organizations, and governments. They are bound by their common interest in fulfilling the Mission and Goals of the IWRN and contributing to its programs and activities.


4.1.1.                   There are three basic membership categories in IWRN: individual, organizational, and governmental.


4.2. Individual Membership: Any individual person with an interest in water-related issues, regardless of their organizational affiliation, may become a member of IWRN. By signing the application for IWRN membership, the individual expresses his/her agreement and support to IWRN’s values, mission, goals, and objectives, as well as his/her willingness to actively participate and support IWRN programs and activities as an individual.


4.3.             Organizational Membership: Any organization with an interest in water related issues may become an Organizational Member of IWRN. By signing the application for IWRN membership, the organization expresses its agreement and support to IWRN’s values, mission, goals, and objectives, as well as its willingness to actively participate and support IWRN programs and activities as an organization. Organizations shall appoint one representative to act in the name of such organization in IWRN activities. There can be only one "official" organizational member representative. Organizational members shall be listed in the IWRN directory under the business name of their organization. The following types of organizations may request organizational membership:


4.3.1.                   Non-governmental organizations and professional societies;

4.3.2.                   Academic institutions and research centers, either public or private;

4.3.3.                   Private sector for-profit organizations, such as companies, corporations, and consulting firms;

4.3.4.                   International or regional intergovernmental organizations;

4.3.5.                   Water utilities and services, either public or private;

4.3.6.                   Governmental entities at the local, state or provincial, or national level (which are NOT designated as Focal Points as defined in item 4.4 below);

4.3.7.                   Other legal organizations or associative forms that are incorporated under the laws of any country of the Americas.


4.4.             Governmental Membership: National governments are represented in IWRN through formal representation appointed by the countries to the Organization of American States (OAS) as Governmental Focal Points of IWRN.


4.4.1.                   IWRN Governmental Focal Points are nominated by sending a letter requesting such a designation through their foreign ministries and their OAS Mission to the Secretary General of OAS. There can only be one official Government Member from each country. OAS will provide the IWRN Secretariat with copies of such letters that it receives from national governments..


4.4.2.                   Governmental institutions, other than those represented by the Focal Points, can be organizational members of IWRN, but they cannot represent their respective countries nor can they be elected to the IWRN Board of Directors or Executive Committee as organizational representatives.  For IWRN purposes, national or government-funded academic or research institutions are not considered governmental institutions and do not fall under this category.


4.5.             Membership Application Procedure: Applicants for membership in IWRN must submit a membership application form to the IWRN Secretariat for review and approval.


4.6.             Duties of members:

    1. Participate on Committees and in meetings and activities of the IWRN to the extent possible;
    2. Provide constructive advice on the operations and activities of the IWRN to the Board of Directors and Secretariat by responding to requests for information;
    3. Submit organizational news, other water-information, and news of their activities to the Secretariat and IWRN information exchange portals for the exchange with others;
    4. Disseminate news about IWRN activities within their countries, organizations and networks and solicit participation in IWRN sponsored meetings;
    5. Additional duties that may be required for the advancement of IWRN mission and objectives;
    6. Participate in the General Assembly to elect the IWRN Board and decide on matters taken to the Assembly for referendum.


4.7.             Membership Requirements: The Board of Directors shall establish eligibility requirements for membership in IWRN. The IWRN Secretariat shall apply them and maintain and up-to-date Directory of members in good standing.


4.8.             Membership Dues: The Board of Directors may establish a schedule of annual dues for the different types of membership. Members must pay such dues as are established by the Board of Directors to remain members “in good standing.” The Board of Directors, under certain conditions, may decide to waive dues for specific types of membership and/or special cases.


4.9              Denial of Membership: Upon recommendation by the Executive Committee and a two-thirds (2/3) majority vote of the Board of Directors the membership of an IWRN member may be denied or revoked for the good of the IWRN.


4.10.           Voting: All Voting members of IWRN in good standing are eligible to vote and hold office.


Article V – Network Governance


5.1.             The IWRN will have the following governance structure:


    • General Assembly
    • Board of Directors
    • Executive Committee
    • Secretariat
    • Standing and Ad-Hoc Committees
    • Ombudsperson


5.2.             General Assembly:


5.2.1                    The General Assembly of the IWRN constitutes the entire membership of the Network.  Each Voting member of the General Assembly has one vote in elections of members of the IWRN Board of Directors and on other issues that are brought to the General Assembly by the Board for approval.  Voting in the General Assembly can be done electronically or by mail, as agreed upon for each voting case.


5.2.2.                   Members may be included in the General Assembly voting roster thirty (30) days after receiving the membership application.


5.3.             Board of Directors:


5.3.1.                   The government and management of the IWRN shall be vested in a Board of Directors.


5.3.2.                   The Board of Directors shall consist of up to sixteen (16) Members elected by the General Assembly in the representation of the geographical areas listed in item below; up to five (5) Representatives appointed by the Governmental Focal Points; up to four (4) Representatives appointed by International or Regional organizations; and two (2) Ex-Officio (non-voting) Members: The President of the Foundation for the Inter-American Dialogue on Water Management, Inc. (hereon referred to as “Foundation”, and the Designated Representative of the Secretariat.                          For the appointed representatives, an alternate representative shall be designated by the appointing body, in case the appointed representative is unable to fulfill the elected term.  The alternate representative shall fulfill the remaining unexpired term, and a new representative shall be appointed at the next Board election.  In the case that no alternate has been designated, the seat may remain vacant until the next election event.                          For IWRN purposes, the basic geographical regions in the Americas are: North America, Central America, South America, and Caribbean. For each geographical regions, the Board seats shall include elected representation from the following sectors:  Academic and Research institutions; Private companies; Non-Governmental Organizations and/or Professional organizations and Networks; Individuals at large; and Representatives appointed by and from the Governmental Focal Points (one for each geographical region, except for South America, that can appoint up to two).


5.3.3.                   When an organizational or governmental member is elected or appointed to the Board of Directors, its representative will serve on the Board for the corresponding term. If the government or organization changes its representative, this entity loses its position in the Board and this position is taken by the corresponding sectoral alternate as defined in item above.  The terms of office of Board Directors shall be staggered so that all Directors do not go off the Board at the same year.


5.3.4.                   Directors and Officers serve in the IWRN Board as persons and represent their respective sector, and their decisions in IWRN shall not be construed as a decision or position of their respective organizations or represented sector, or in the case of the Governmental Focal Points, as a decision or position of their respective governments.


5.3.5.                   Members of the Board of Directors have equal voting rights, with the exception of Ex-Officio Members that have voice but do not vote in the IWRN Governance entities.


5.3.6.                   The Chair of the Board will not vote unless there is a tie.


5.4.             Election and Appointment of Board of Directors:


5.4.1.                   Ninety (90) days prior to the expiration of the term, elections will be held to elect one-third (1/3) of the Board to three (3) year terms by IWRN Members.  The election and voting shall be conducted using a method established by the Board and overseen by the Nominations Committee.  Terms of office for Directors shall expire at the close of business on December 31st of each year. The specific conditions and details for the elections are contained in an IWRN Board Renewal Plan approved by the IWRN Board.


5.4.2.                   The specific conditions and details for the appointment of Governmental Focal Points representatives are contained in an IWRN Governmental Focal Point Representation Procedure and shall be prepared by the Governmental Focal Points and approved by the IWRN Board.


5.4.3.                   The specific conditions and details for the appointment of International and Regional Inter-Governmental Organizations (IGO) representatives are contained in an IWRN IGO Representation Procedure and shall be prepared by the international and regional organizations and approved by the IWRN Board.


5.4.4.                   In the case of Governmental institutions, only Governmental Focal Points can be appointed to the Board. Members who represent governmental organizations other than the Governmental Focal Points can be elected to the Board under the Individual category, but not representing their own organizations.


5.5.             Executive Committee (EC):


5.5.1.                   The Executive Committee (EC) is composed of five (5) Officers elected by and from the Board of Directors to two-year terms from a slate of candidates prepared by the Nominations Committee. The Board of Directors shall elect the following five Officers: Chair, Vice-Chair, Treasurer, Secretary, and a Fifth Member at Large to constitute the Executive Committee.


5.5.2.                   The President of the Foundation, the Chair of the next Inter-American Dialogue on Water Management, and the Secretariat Designated Representative are Ex-Officio members of the EC with a voice but do not vote in the deliberations of the Committee.


5.5.3.                   The Board will elect replacements to Officers whose terms expire at the end of the year, or who need to be replaced because they resigned, or if they have finished to represent their government or organization.  Vacancies on the EC shall be filled through election by the Board of Directors.


5.5.4.                   Responsibilities of the Executive Committee: The responsibilities of the EC include review of an annual budget for the IWRN, plans for fundraising, oversight of the Secretariat, coordination of Committee activities, and the day-to-day management of the IWRN.


5.6.             Nominations Committee:


5.6.1.                   The Chair of the EC shall annually appoint a Chair and two additional members to the Nominations Committee.


5.6.2.                   The Nominations Committee shall prepare a slate of candidates from the IWRN Membership for election to the Board by IWRN in accordance to procedures established and approved by the Board of Directors.


5.7.             General IWRN Board of Directors Nomination requirements:


5.7.1.                   Candidates for the Board of Directors must be IWRN voting members in good standing;


5.7.2.                   The nomination of each candidate shall be accompanied by: (1) a short (one paragraph vita and experience relevant to the IWRN Mission and activities, and (2) a personal statement of what the candidate hopes to accomplish on the Board of Directors or as an Officer of the Board.


5.7.3.                   Candidates for the Executive Committee must be a current member of the Board.


5.7.4.                   In preparing a slate of candidates for the Board of Directors, the Nominations Committee should aim at providing balanced representation from each of the IWRN regions and sectors, in accordance with the rules or representation of IWRN.


5.8.             Removal of Board of Director or Executive Committee Members:


5.8.1.                   Any member of the Board or the Executive Committee may be removed by the Board of Directors whenever, in the judgment of a two-thirds (2/3) majority of the Board, the best interest of the organization will be served.


5.8.2.                   The non-justified absence in two (2) consecutive or three (3) non-consecutive Board Sessions in a term automatically excludes such member from the Board. The non-justified absence in two consecutive or three non-consecutive Sessions of the Board or Executive Committee combined, automatically excludes such Officer from the Executive Committee and the Board.


Article VI – Secretariat

6.1.             The IWRN Secretariat organizes and implements the programs of the IWRN in collaboration with IWRN members.  The Secretariat is supported by a staff of member organizations, independent contractors, volunteers, and services-in-kind contributed by members of the IWRN.


6.2.             Secretariat Leadership: The activities of the Secretariat are coordinated by the Executive Committee of the IWRN Board of Directors.  The Executive Committee is responsible for developing the criteria and process for selection of the Secretariat Leadership and/or personnel for approval by the IWRN Board.


6.3.             Supervisory Controls: The Secretariat reports directly to the Executive Committee.  The Executive Committee provides day-to-day guidance and oversight for implementation of the policies of the Board of Directors and is responsible of the annual performance review of the Secretariat.


6.4.             Responsibilities and Duties: The Secretariat has the responsibility for the scheduling and execution of programs and activities of the IWRN including the hiring and firing of subcontractors and employees and the supervision of staff provided as services-in-kind by IWRN member organizations and individuals.


6.4.1.                   Duties of the Secretariat include:


  1. Supervision and direction of staff assigned to or hired by the Secretariat Leadership;
  2. Scheduling and coordination of IWRN programs and activities;
  3. Preparation of meeting agenda of the Board of Directors and Executive Committee in consultation with the Chair and Secretary;
  4. Assisting in the planning and implementation of the Inter-American Dialogues on Water Management;
  5. Preparation of an annual report on the activities of the Secretariat to the Board of Directors;
  6. Preparation of an annual budget for the IWRN in consultation with the Chair and Treasurer;
  7. Oversee the preparation of an annual fund raising plan in consultation with the Chair, the Treasurer, and the Chair of the Foundation for Inter-American Dialogue on Water Management;
  8. Preparation of an annual work plan;
  9. Coordination of the operation of the IWRN internet communication system;
  10. Promotion and marketing of IWRN;
  11. Manage the fiscal resources of IWRN including the receipt and disbursement of funds for IWRN programs and activities;
  12. Maintain an updated membership roster;
  13. Other duties as assigned by the Executive Committee and the Board of Directors.


6.5.             In cases of absence of a Secretariat, the IWRN Secretariat leadership and duties will be assumed in an interim basis by the Executive Committee until a new Secretariat can be hired or appointed.



Article VII –  Voting Procedures, Participation, and Decision Making


7.1.            All Voting members of IWRN in good standing are eligible to vote and hold office.


7.1.1.                   Organizational members as such, are entitled to one vote per organization.


7.1.2.                   Ex-Officio Members in the IWRN Governance have a voice but no vote.


7.2.             Voting in the IWRN Board: To exercise the right to vote, Voting members should be in good standing. In the Board of Directors, every Voting members shall be entitled to one (1) vote, in person or by proxy, upon every motion properly submitted to vote at any meeting of the Board.


7.2.1.                   Motions shall be passed by simple majority (51%) vote, except in those cases mentioned in these By-Laws.


7.3.             Decision-making shall be by consensus within the Board of Directors.  Should a consensus not be obtained, any member of the Board may seek a vote of those present at the meeting. Each Voting member on the Board is entitled to one vote. A simple majority (51%) of those voting will pass a motion properly submitted.


7.3.1.                   Votes are counted by summing votes by those present and the proxies issued by non-present Voting Members in accordance to item 7.4 below.


7.4.             Proxies may be issued by non-present Voting Members to another Voting Member of the Board in writing and registered with the Secretary of the Executive Committee in anticipation of IWRN Meetings following the procedures established by the Board of Directors. A Voting Member can receive a maximum of five (5) proxies for carry on the will of non-present Voting Members at any meeting.  For Executive Committee meetings and decisions, proxies are not allowed.


7.5.             The Board of Directors may conduct its business and decision-making by electronic means, in which case the Board is considered to be in session at all times, and applying the same voting procedures as if it was meeting in person, as mentioned in the items above.


7.6.             Terms of Limitations: All elected and appointed Directors in the IWRN Governance shall hold office for a maximum of two (2) three-year terms. Directors may serve two (2) consecutive terms after which they must go off the Board for one year before they may be re-elected.


7.7.             Working languages: IWRN will conduct its meetings and activities in  two working languages: English and Spanish.


7.8.             Rules of Order: The latest edition of “Robert’s Rules of Order Newly Revised (RONR)” shall be the parliamentary authority for all matters of procedure not covered by these By-Laws.


Article VIII – Meeting of the Board of Directors


8.1.             Annual Meetings: The annual meetings of the Board of Directors shall be held at such times and places, including electronic meetings, as authorized by the Executive Committee.


8.2.             Other Meetings: Other meetings of the Board of Directors may be held from time to time as required to conduct the business of the IWRN at the written request of 51 percent of the Executive Committee members.


8.3.             Meeting Notices: Written notice of the annual or other meetings shall be sent by electronic means to each member of the Board of Directors at his/her designated e-mail address at least thirty (30) days prior to the meeting.


8.4.             Order of Business: The agenda of the meetings shall be drafted by the Secretariat, in consultation with the Chair, and distributed to the Board of Directors at least ten (10) days prior to the  meeting, except when dealing with Amendments to these By-Laws, in which case thirty (30) days would be required.


8.5.             Quorum: For Annual and Regular Meetings, quorum will be established by simple majority (51%) of the Voting members of the Board.  The roll call will be established by summing those members in person and the number of proxies obtained, provided that at least 51% of the Executive Committee is physically present.  There is no quorum call for teleconferences or electronic-based meetings, since all motions submitted in these meetings will need to be forwarded to the Board electronic discussion list for decision-making.


Article IX - Executive Committee Meetings


9.1.             An Executive Committee (EC) Meeting may be held from time to time as required to conduct the business of the IWRN at the call of Chair of IWRN or at the written request of 51 percent of the Officers. Meetings may be held in person, by conference call, or by other electronic means.  The EC shall meet in person at least one time per year.


9.2.             The EC Meeting notice shall be sent to the Officers by electronic means at least ten (10) days prior to the meeting and shared with the whole Board of Directors to allow comment and input.


9.3.             The EC Meeting agenda shall be determined by the Secretary, in consultation with the Chair, and distributed to EC Officers with the notice of the meeting.


9.4.             Every Voting member of the EC shall be entitled to one vote, in person, upon every motion properly submitted to vote at any meeting of the Committee.  No proxies are allowed for EC meetings.


9.5.             Quorum: EC Meetings will reach quorum with simple majority in person.


9.6.             The report of the EC Meeting shall be presented to the Board of Directors within ten (10) business days of the end of the EC Meeting.


Article X – Terms and Duties of Officers


10.1.           Term of appointment: Officers may serve in the EC for only up to two (2) consecutive two-year terms, as long as their terms of service do not go beyond their Board terms.


10.2.           Duties of Chair:


  1. Presides at all meetings of the Executive Committee, the Board of Directors, and General Assembly;
  2. Appoints the members and chairs of all committees, task forces, and working group appointments, except members of the Executive Committee and Nominations Committee;
  3. Annually, nominates a Chair and two additional members of the Nominations Committee for approval by the IWRN Board;
  4. Serves as Ex-Officio member of all committees, or designate a representative;
  5. Carries out any decision-making authorities granted to him/her by the Board of Directors;
  6. Performs all other duties usually pertaining to the Office of Chair.


10.3.           Duties of the Vice-Chair: Supports and assists the Chair in the execution of his/her duties.


10.3.1.                 During the temporary absence or disability of the Chair, with consent of the Board, the Vice-Chair will discharge the duties of the Chair.


10.4.           Duties of the Secretary:


  1. Serves as Secretary to the Executive Committee, the Board of Directors, and the General Assembly;
  2. Prepares minutes of each meeting and maintain the records of the Network;
  3. Coordinates the preparation and organization of IWRN representation in other regional and international meetings in consultation with the Executive Committee;
  4. Provide general oversight and review for operating policy guidance in the conduct of the affairs of the IWRN;
  5. Substitute the Secretariat leadership in his or her absence, for an interim term, until a new Secretariat is either hired or appointed.


10.4.1.                 During the temporary absence or disability of the Secretary, with consent of the Board, the Fifth Member-at-Large will discharge the duties of the Secretary.


10.5.           Duties of the Treasurer:


  1. Prepares an annual budget for the IWRN and presents it to the Board of Directors in consultation with the Secretariat and the President of the Foundation;
  2. Coordinates and assists in funding raising efforts for the IWRN and its meetings and activities in cooperation with the President of the Foundation for the Inter-American Dialogue on Water Management;
  3. Chair the IWRN Financial Committee.


10.5.1.                 During the temporary absence or disability of the Treasurer, with consent of the Board, the Fifth Member-at-Large will discharge the duties of the Treasurer.


10.6.           Duties of the Fifth Member At Large: Supports and assists the rest of the Officers in the execution of their duties; participate in the Committee meetings; and discharge the duties of any of the Officers during their temporary absence or disability with consent of the Board.



Article  XI – Ombudsperson


11.1.           The IWRN Ombudsperson is an individual who acts as a trusted intermediary between the IWRN Governance and the internal or external constituency while representing the broad scope of constituent interests.


11.2.           Duties of the Ombudsperson:


11.2.1.                 Investigate constituent complaints relating to the IWRN and attempt to resolve them, through recommendations to the Executive Committee for resolution or mediation between the individual and/or organization filing the complaint and the individual, organization, or IWRN Governance entity (Board, Executive Committee or Secretariat);


11.2.2.                 Act as an observer of the IWRN Elections and stakeholder group appointment processes.


11.3.           There are no intermediaries or pre-defined process to communicate to the Ombudsperson.  Any IWRN member or stakeholder can contact the Ombudsperson to file a complaint, and such contact and content shall be maintained in confidentiality by the Ombudsperson.


11.4.           The recommendations issued by the Ombudsperson to resolve any issues raised as a result of a complaint shall be accepted by the parties involved, as long as they do not imply a breach of these By-Laws. An exception is when the issue is raised to the General Assembly, at which time the determination of the GA will be final.


11.5.           The nomination of the Ombudsperson shall be conducted by the Nominations Committee originated by a recommendation of appointment issued by the Board of Directors. Then, the Nominations Committee will obtain the curriculum information of the nominee and shall put his or her name to the General Assembly for ratification.


11.5.1.                 As with any elected or appointed position in the IWRN Governance, the Ombudsperson is also bound by the Terms of Limitations specified in item 7.3.


Article XII – Committees


12.1.           Standing Committees of the IWRN shall include:


12.1.1.                 Executive Committee: Responsible for managing the day-to-day affairs of the IWRN, as described in item 5.5 of these By-Laws.


12.1.2.                 Nominations Committee: Responsible for developing slates of candidates for the Board of Directors, Officers, Ombudsperson, and other duties as described in item 5.6 of these By-Laws.


12.1.3.                 Financial Committee: Responsible for overseeing the financial aspects of IWRN, including the review and recommendation for Board approval of the financial statements, balances, and annual reports of the Foundation.


12.1.4.                 Dialogue Organizing Committee (DOC): Responsible for planning, organizing, and executing Inter-American Dialogues at three-year intervals will be assigned to separate Dialogue Planning Committees – one for each Dialogue -- whose activities will overlap in time.                        The DOC will consist of the Dialogue Chair, a Dialogue Technical Coordinator, a Dialogue Administrative Coordinator, a representative from the Board of Directors, and a representative from the Dialogue Host institution.  The Secretariat leadership representative and the Chair of the Foundation will serve as Ex-Officio members of the DOC.                        The DOC will be established and hold its first meeting at least one (1) year before the next Dialogue.


12.2.           In addition to these Standing Committees, the Board of Directors may establish other Ad-Hoc committees, task forces, and/or working groups as may be deemed desirable or necessary in the furtherance of the IWRN's mission, programs, and activities.


12.2.1.                 The Chair of the Board of Directors shall appoint the Chairs and members of the committees to serve for such terms as specified in these By-Laws, but will not exceed two (2) consecutive terms.

Article XIII – Fiscal Year


13.1.           The fiscal year of the Board of Directors shall be the calendar year, starting on January 1st and ending on December 31st, all inclusive. 


Article XIV – Amendments and Additional Rulemaking


14.1.           The Board of Directors may later amend, revise, add to, repeal, or rescind these By-Laws or adopt new By-Laws at the pleasure of a two-thirds majority vote of all members of the Board provided that notice of the proposed amendments, revision, addition, repeal, or rescission of the By-Laws or adoption of new By-Laws shall have given at least thirty (30) days preceding the Board meeting at which such changes are to be considered.


14.2.           These By-Laws can be complemented by documents to govern specific components of IWRN governance and activities with the purpose of establishing detailed rules, criteria, and procedures, like nomination of specific stakeholder groups to the Board, Board election and appointment processes, fundraising activities, and other activities deemed necessary of rulemaking by the IWRN Board.



Article XV – Separability Clause


15.1.            If any article, section, item, clause, sentence, paragraph, subdivision, section or part of these By-Laws shall be adjudged by any court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, such judgment shall not affect, impair or invalidate the remainder thereof, but shall be confined in its operation to the part directly involved in the controversy in which such judgment shall have been rendered.



These By-Laws were proposed by the Board of Directors during the IWRN Annual Board Meeting held in San José, Costa Rica, on May 07, 2010, and approved by the Board on July 19, 2010. The final versions in English and Spanish were drafted concurrently with the same content and tenor.